Home COMMONWEALTH vs. MARIO S. PAPPALARDO, JR.

10 Mass. App. Ct. 897

September 19, 1980

After a trial before a six-man jury in a District Court, the defendant was convicted of violating G. L. c. 269, Section 10(a) (carrying a firearm without a license), and G. L. c. 269, Section 10(h) (unlawful possession of ammunition), and was sentenced. The only issue raised on appeal is whether the judge erred in denying the defendant's motion to suppress the firearm and ammunition. The defendant concedes the lawfulness of the stop of the vehicle in which he was a passenger. We hold that in the circumstances of this case (1) it was proper for the police officer to cause the occupants to step out of the car, Pennsylvania v. Mimms, 434 U.S. 106, 110-111 (1977), Commonwealth v. Ferrara, 376 Mass. 502 , 505 (1978); and (2) the "pat frisk" of the defendant by the officer which led to the discovery of the firearm and ammunition was reasonable under the principles set out in Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 19 (1968). See Pennsylvania v. Mimms, 434 U.S. at 111-112. Compare Commonwealth v. Riggins, 366 Mass. 81 , 86-87 (1974). Contrast Commonwealth v. Silva, 366 Mass. 402 , 407 (1974).

Judgments affirmed.

Home COMMONWEALTH vs. MICHAEL THOMAS, JR.

10 Mass. App. Ct. 897

September 19, 1980

We do not consider indictment no. 79-755 because that indictment was placed on file with the defendant's consent. Commonwealth v. Barnett, ante 844 (1980). The judgment on indictment no. 79-754 is affirmed for the reasons set out in the Commonwealth's brief.

So ordered.

Home COMMONWEALTH vs. DENNIS VERNAZZARRO.

10 Mass. App. Ct. 897

September 22, 1980

The appeal is from jury-waived convictions on indictments laid under G. L. c. 265, Sections 13B (as appearing in St. 1958, c. 189) and 23 (as appearing in St. 1974, c. 474, Section 3). 1. The defendant had been supplied with the minutes of the grand jury, police reports, the report of a physician who had examined the victim following the assaults, and a list of the prosecution's witnesses. The victim was nine years old at the time of trial and was expected to testify to events which (according to the minutes of the grand jury and the allegations of the indictments) had occurred approximately a year prior to trial. It must have been obvious to the judge (as

Page 898

was subsequently confirmed at trial) that the prosecution had already furnished particulars as to the dates of the offences to the best of its ability, and the judge quite properly refused to put the prosecution in a straitjacket by ordering further particulars as to those dates. See Commonwealth v. Baker, 368 Mass. 58 , 77 (1975); Commonwealth v. Gallo, 2 Mass. App. Ct. 636 , 639 (1974); Mass.R.Crim.P. 13(b)(1), 378 Mass. 872 (1979). 2. The judge had conducted voir dire examinations of the victim and of the physician who had examined her following the assaults and had observed and recorded his observations of the victim's demeanor in the court room. It was well within the judge's discretion to conclude (as he did) that he could make a proper determination of the victim's competence to testify (see Commonwealth v. Whitehead, 379 Mass. 640 , 655-656 [1980]) without ordering a mental examination under G. L. c. 123, Section 19. See generally Commonwealth v. Gibbons, 378 Mass. 766 , 769-774 (1979). 3. The defendant was not harmed by the judge's refusal to order disclosure of the full contents of the report of the psychiatrist who had examined the victim at the prosecution's request. As the prosecutor asserted and the judge found after reading the report (as we have), it was directed to the question of the psychological impact that testifying in court would have on the victim. There was nothing in the report which bore on the victim's competence to testify, nor was there anything of significance which bore on the credibility of the victim which was not already known to counsel for the defendant or elicited by him during the course of the trial. 4. There was no offer of proof as to the contents of the victim's school records, and the offer of proof as to the contents of the victim's prior hospital record was inadequate in the circumstances. See and contrast Commonwealth v. Bohannon, 376 Mass. 90 , 92-93, 95 (1978). Neither of those records was marked for identification or otherwise incorporated in the record on appeal, with the result that the defendant is in no position to demonstrate error in the judge's refusal to require disclosure of their contents. Compare Commonwealth v. Core, 370 Mass. 369 , 371 (1976); Commonwealth v. Coward, 7 Mass. App. Ct. 867 (1979). 5. The defendant's two claims of ineffective assistance of trial counsel fall by the wayside for the reason (if no other) that the present record fails to disclose the existence of any alibi witness who could have testified in the defendant's behalf or that the defendant had ever been examined by a psychiatrist. 6. The argument in support of the defendant's motion under Mass. R.Crim.P. 25(a), 378 Mass. 896 (1979), confuses the weight of the evidence with the sufficiency of the evidence to warrant rational findings of guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. See Commonwealth v. Latimore, 378 Mass. 671 , 677 (1979). 7. No other question has been argued.

Judgments affirmed.