Home COMMONWEALTH vs. LINCOLN ERAMO.

6 Mass. App. Ct. 871

April 20, 1978

1. The evidence in this case was not as full as that summarized in Commonwealth v. Lozano, 5 Mass. App. Ct. 872 (1977), but it was sufficient to warrant findings that the defendant had acted in bad faith rather than "for a legitimate medical purpose" (G. L. c. 94C, Section 19[a]) in prescribing the substances referred to in the three indictments on which he stands convicted. 2. Any factual inconsistency between any of the convictions on those indictments and any of the acquittals on the companion indictments is not a ground for disturbing any of the convictions. Commonwealth v. McCombe, 5 Mass. App. Ct. 842 (1977). 3. All the other contentions raised in this case are answered by the Lozano case and the cases cited therein.

Judgments affirmed.

Home COMMONWEALTH vs. EARL LEE SHIVERS.

6 Mass. App. Ct. 871

April 20, 1978

While the charge to the jury was no more free than most from phrases or sentences which, viewed in isolation, might be thought misleading, taken as a whole it was comprehensive, balanced and correct. The allegation of the defendant's assignment that the charge "allow[ed] the jury to convict of assault with intent to murder upon a finding that the defendant intended to kill," is simply inaccurate; the judge repeatedly and pointedly instructed the jury that an intention or purpose to kill was insufficient unless it was accompanied by the malice requisite to the crime of murder. Assuming (probably incorrectly) that the jury should have been instructed that they might find the defendant guilty of assault with intent to kill (see Commonwealth v. Demboski, 283 Mass. 315 , 321-324 [1933]; Commonwealth v. Hebert, 373 Mass. 535 [1977]), the omission rather clearly favored the defendant, as the jury were instructed that unless they should find that the defendant's act of firing the gun at the victim was accompanied both by an intention to kill and by malice, they could not find the defendant guilty of more than assault with a dangerous weapon; and, in any event, the omission (if it was one) was not called to the judge's attention. We think that the portions of the charge dealing with "the natural and probable consequences" of acts, and other words to that effect, could only have been understood by the jury as an instruction that they might infer

Page 872

an intention to kill from the act of shooting (whether or not the bullet hit the victim) and not as an instruction that mere negligence or reckless conduct, rather than a specific intent to kill, would suffice to make out the offense charged. As to the point which seems to have been raised by trial counsel when he took his exception to the charge, the differences between the concepts of attempt and assault (see Commonwealth v. Hebert, supra at 543 [Quirico, J., concurring]; Perkins, Criminal Law 578 [2d ed. 1969]) are of no materiality on the evidence in this case, where either of the acts upon which the jury could have predicated their verdict plainly constituted both an assault and an attempt.

Judgments affirmed.