Limitations, Statute of. Judgment, Foreign. Practice, Civil, Appeal.
A judgment of a court of a foreign country does not belong to any of the classes of judgments excepted by R. L. c. 202, § 2, cl. 1, from the limitation of six years prescribed by that section, and therefore no action can be brought upon such a judgment in this Commonwealth after the expiration of six years.
An appeal from an order of a trial judge denying a motion for a new trial asked for on the ground of newly discovered evidence presents no question of law, because such a decision of the trial judge is not open to revision.
There is no right to enter an appeal in this court in an action at law until there is a final judgment.
LORING, J. The exception to the six years' limitation contained in R. L. c. 202, § 2, cl. 1, is restricted to judgments or decrees of courts of record (1) of the United States, or (2) of this State, or (3) of any other State of the United States. Actions founded on a judgment of a court of a foreign State, not being within the exception, are subject to the six years' statute of limitation. The judgment here sued on was rendered by an Italian court in 1889, and the writ in this action is dated February 8, 1909. It follows that the action was barred by the statute of limitations and the exception taken to the order of the judge [Note p290-1] directing a verdict for the defendant must be overruled. We find nothing in the cases cited by the plaintiff which requires notice. The appeal from the order denying the motion for a new trial because of newly discovered evidence, if properly before this court, would have presented no question of law. Freeman v. Boston, 178 Mass. 403 .
But there is no appeal before us. There is no right to enter an appeal in this court until there is a final judgment. Cummings v. Ayer, 188 Mass. 292 . Oliver Ditson Co. v. Testa, 213 Mass. 109 ; S. C. ante, 123.
The entry must be: Appeal dismissed; Exceptions overruled; and it is
B. F. Briggs, for the plaintiff.
J. E. Crowley, for the defendant.
[Note p290-1] Keating, J.