Circumstances in which an employee after his lunch on the day before Christmas left his place of employment on the second floor of his employer's premises, went to the third floor to "visit girls" and attend a celebration and, in returning, fell on stairs, did not warrant a finding by the Industrial Accident Board that injuries thus received arose out of and in the course of his employment.
CERTIFICATION to the Superior Court of a decision by the Industrial Accident Board awarding compensation.
By order of F. T. Hammond, J., the claim was dismissed. The claimant appealed.
F. J. Linehan, Jr., for the claimant.
E. B. Cass, for the insurer.
QUA, J. The employee was injured by a fall on a stairway on his employer's premises as he was descending from the third floor to his place of work on the second floor at the close of the noon hour.
According to the employee's testimony he had returned from his lunch, hung up his coat on the second floor near "the work bench," and then went to the third floor "to visit girls." It was the day before Christmas, and there was evidence that "some of the girls" were having "some sort of celebration" on the third floor. There was an entire absence of any evidence that the employee's visit to the third floor had any connection whatever with his work, or that persons working on the second floor were in the habit of going to the third floor, or even that they were permitted to go there. Although the employee was returning to his work at the time of his injury, there was no evidence that he was returning by a route which he was expected or
allowed to use; hence there was nothing to show that the risk of falling on the stairs leading down from the third floor was in any way incidental to his employment on the second floor.
The facts recited above distinguish this case from Sundine's Case, 218 Mass. 1 , Von Ette's Case, 223 Mass. 56 , 60, Hallett's Case, 232 Mass. 49 , White v. E. T. Slattery Co. 236 Mass. 28 , 33, Holmes's Case, 267 Mass. 307 , and Mannering's Case, 290 Mass. 517 , and bring it within the authority of Ross v. John Hancock Mutual Life Ins. Co. 222 Mass. 560 , Rochford's Case, 234 Mass. 93 , Babineau's Case, 254 Mass. 214 , and Horton's Case, 275 Mass. 572 . Compare Batts's Case, 295 Mass. 335 .
As there was no evidence that the employee's injury arose out of and in the course of his employment, the entry will be