333 Mass. 770

January 4, 1956

Interlocutory decree sustaining demurrer affirmed. Final decree affirmed with costs of the appeal. This bill in equity asks the Superior Court to remove a cloud on a title allegedly resulting from a mortgage "that may possibly be now held by the defendant" and from the defendant's possession under it, and to enter a declaratory decree determining the effect of the mortgage on the property. The defendant's demurrer was rightly sustained. A bill will lie to remove a cloud on a title only if legal title and actual possession are united in the plaintiff. First Baptist Church of Sharon v. Harper, 191 Mass. 196, 209. Vitelli v. Ryder, 329 Mass. 119, 123. The only suggestion of matter in controversy between the parties (G. L. [Ter. Ed.] c. 231A, Section 1, inserted by St. 1945, c. 582, Section 1) is in respect of the effect of a "final decree . . . decreeing redemption" of the subject property, entered in the Superior Court in other litigation between the parties, and of a subsequent "order" therein "which apparently may have been an attempt to modify or change the final decree" and "may have been entered by the court without right," and also the effect of the plaintiff's alleged recording of that "final decree" pursuant to G. L. (Ter. Ed.) c. 183, Sections 43 and 44, as amended. No actual controversy is stated and the possibility or probability is not negatived that whatever points are at issue are resolvable in due course of that other litigation on appeal or in the Superior Court. The bill does not contain a clear and precise statement of all the material facts adequate to inform the defendant and the court of the nature of the plaintiff's claim. Bressler v. Averbuck, 322 Mass. 139, 142.


333 Mass. 770

February 6, 1956

Order for judgment reversed. Judgment to be entered as follows: "The subject matter of this petition having become moot, the petition is dismissed." This petition for a writ of certiorari is brought to quash the action of the licensing board of the city of Boston in revoking a license to Martin Edward, Inc., to conduct a lodging house at 644 Washington Street, Boston. The license was issued to Martin Edward, Inc., on or about June 26, 1954, to expire on December 31, 1954. G. L. (Ter. Ed.) c. 140. Sections 4 and 23, as amended. After a hearing on August 31, 1954, this license was revoked by the board on September 2, 1954, for the reason that the petitioner was not then in physical possession of the licensed premises. In its return the licensing board stated that if the petitioner regained possession of the premises it would take appropriate action regarding the license. We do not reach the merits of the case, for we are of opinion that the case is moot. As the license here involved would have expired on December 31, 1954, any judgment in favor of the petitioner would be academic. Selectmen of Lakeville v. Alcoholic Beverages Control Commission, 329 Mass. 769.

Page 771

Williams Market of Waltham, Inc. v. Alcoholic Beverages Control Commission, 330 Mass. 707. See Henderson v. Mayor of Medford, 321 Mass. 732.