Home ROBERT ALTENHAUS vs. ISRAEL LOUISON.

342 Mass. 773

February 7, 1961

Exceptions overruled. In this action in tort for abuse of process the declaration alleged that in a prior action (Louison v. Fischman, 341 Mass. 309 ) the defendant, knowing that "this plaintiff had not committed any . . . tortious action against him" attached his real estate for $600,000, the ulterior purpose being "to harass this plaintiff and to intimidate others to submit to the defendant in matters of principle concerning the internal affairs of a religious institution of which both parties were interested." A demurrer to the declaration was sustained. One ground of the defendant's demurrer was that the declaration failed "to allege concisely and with substantial certainty the substantive facts necessary to maintain a cause of action in accordance with G. L. c. 231, Section 7." Pursuant to leave to move to amend, the plaintiff presented a motion to amend, which was denied. The plaintiff excepted to the order sustaining the demurrer and the denial of the motion to amend. "To constitute a cause of action for this tort it must appear that the process was used to accomplish some ulterior purpose for which it was not designed or intended, or which was not the legitimate purpose of the particular process employed." Gabriel v. Borowy, 324 Mass. 231 , 236. See Noyes v. Shanahan, 325 Mass. 601 , 604-605. Under this test, the declaration fails to set forth the substantive facts necessary to apprise the defendant of the precise nature of the plaintiff's case. See Davis v. H. S. & M. W. Snyder, Inc. 252 Mass. 29 , 34-35; Gabriel v. Borowy, 324 Mass. 231 , 235-237. If any ground of the demurrer is good, it must be sustained. Wade v. Ford Motor Co. 341 Mass. 596 , 598. The motion to amend was addressed to the sound judicial discretion of the judge. Foster v. Shubert Holding Co. 316 Mass. 470 , 477. The disallowance of the motion reveals no abuse of discretion.

Home DAVID PINE vs. ISRAEL LOUISON.

342 Mass. 773

February 7, 1961

Exceptions overruled. See "brief statement of the grounds and reasons of the decision" in Altenhaus v. Louison, decided herewith.

Home M- vs. M- (and a companion case [Note 1]).

342 Mass. 773

February 7, 1961

Decree affirmed. The judge entered a decree nisi on the husband's

Page 774

libel for divorce on the ground of the impotency of his wife (G. L. [Ter. Ed.] c. 208, Section 1). He dismissed the wife's petition for separate support. The wife has appealed from both decrees. The evidence is reported. The parties were married November 3, 1957. The libel for divorce was filed October 8, 1959. The judge was clearly justified in finding that, unknown to the husband at the time of the marriage, the wife because of congenital physical abnormalities was incapable of copulation. See S- v. S-, 192 Mass. 194 ; Merrill v. Merrill, 126 Mass. 228 ; Mutter v. Mutter, 123 Ky. 754; Fehr v. Fehr, 92 N. J. Eq. 316; Singer v. Singer, 9 N. J. Super. 397, 400; Donati v. Church, 13 N. J. Super. 454. The condition is incurable. Reed v. Reed, 26 Tenn. App. 690, 693. Singer v. Singer, supra. The principle of condonation or ratification is not applicable. Fehr v. Fehr, supra; but see Donati v. Church, 13 N. J. Super. 454, 457.


FOOTNOTES

[Note 1] The companion case is by the libellee in the first case against the libellant.