This is an appeal under G. L. c. 151A, Section 42, from the decision of a District Court judge affirming the decision of the Board of Review in the Division of Employment Security denying unemployment benefits to the petitioner, who had been employed as a floral designer in a business that had closed. The Board of Review denied the application of the petitioner for a rehearing after a review examiner had found that the petitioner had failed to meet the eligibility requirements of G. L. c. 151A, Section 24 (b), which obliges the individual seeking benefits to "[b]e capable of and available for work and unable to obtain work in . . . [her] usual occupation or any other occupation for which . . . [she] is reasonably fitted." It appeared before the review examiner, and the judge of the District Court stated in his report, that "[f]rom June to November in 1965, she applied for work to seven potential employers and made a second application to three of the seven." The finding that the petitioner's "search for work has not been sufficiently active to show that she has been unable to find suitable work" is justified upon the evidence. See Conley v. Director of the Div. of Employment Security, 340 Mass. 315 . There was no error.
The issues at the trial of these actions for negligence were (1) whether the second floor platform of the outside wooden stairway where the plaintiffs were injured was part of a common stairway, (2) whether the landlord was negligent, and (3) causation. Without intimation of error otherwise we consider only the negligence issue since it may be dealt with briefly and is dispositive of the case. The defendant bought the premises on June 4, 1958; the plaintiffs' respective tenancies commenced the next week; the accident occurred on August 25, 1958. The plaintiffs rested on the auditor's original and supplemental reports. The judge, subject to exception, struck out the finding that the landlord was negligent "in that he failed to maintain the common passageway in the same condition as it was at the time of the letting" and allowed the defendant's motion for judgment on the auditor's report in each case. The finding struck, "based upon all of the [f]acts" found by the auditor, obviously was reached by the application of an erroneous standard
of care and was properly struck. G. L. c. 221, Section 56. Cairns v. Giumentaro, 339 Mass. 675 , 678. The correct standard, frequently repeated, is in Sneckner v. Feingold, 314 Mass. 613 , 614, and cases cited. Wheeler v. Boston Housing Authy. 341 Mass. 510 , 512. Application of the correct standard to all of the subsidiary facts viewed most favorably to the plaintiffs required the judge to order judgments for the defendant. The plaintiffs not only do not show what the condition was or appeared to be at the time of the letting, Dias v. Woodrow, 342 Mass. 218 , 221, but also do not show that the defendant knew or should have known that a defective condition existed and had a reasonable opportunity to remedy the condition before the accident and failed to do so. Berg v. Elder, 290 Mass. 540 , 542. Shwartz v. Feinberg, 306 Mass. 331 , 333-334.
[Note 1] The companion case was brought against the same defendant by Joseph Babic, who rented all the premises above the first floor from DiCicco and who rented to Keeney one of the rooms on the second floor. Babic died after trial in the Superior Court and the executor of his will was admitted to prosecute the action.