Home MASSACHUSETTS PIKE TOWERS ASSOCIATES vs. COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE & another. [Note 1]

381 Mass. 584

September 11, 1980 - October 1, 1980

Suffolk County

Present: HENNESSEY, C.J., KAPLAN, WILKINS, & LIACOS, JJ.

For purposes of calculating the excise due on certain real estate owned by the appellants, exemptions that were available to the appellant's predecessors in title by reason of their tax-exempt status were not abatements as that word is used in G. L. c. 121A, Section 10. [585-586]

APPEAL from a decision of the Appellate Tax Board.

James J. Marcellino, for the plaintiff, submitted a brief.

Stephen S. Ostrach, Assistant Attorney General, for the Commissioner of Revenue.

John T. Gaffney, Special Assistant Corporation Counsel, for the Board of Assessors of the city of Boston.


WILKINS, J. The appellant, an urban redevelopment corporation organized under G. L. c. 121A, was obliged to pay an excise with respect to 1971 and 1972. In the circumstances, the excise was calculated by using the average of the assessed valuation of all real estate on the premises in Boston now owned by the appellant on the three assessment dates next preceding its acquisition by the Boston Redevelopment Authority, from whom in turn the appellant acquired the premises. G. L. c. 121A, Section 10, third par., as appearing in St. 1956, c. 640, Section 4. Section 10 provides that the assessed valuation on each assessment date must be "reduced by all abatements, if any." A portion of the appellant's real estate was owned by and used for the purposes of tax exempt

Page 585

entities on each of the relevant assessment dates. The appellant argues that, because a portion of its property was exempt from local taxation during the three-year period, its excise should be computed without regard to the assessed value of that property. The claim is that the exemptions that were available to the tax-exempt entities were "abatements" within the meaning of the word in G. L. c. 121A, Section 10.

The State Tax Commission, now the Commissioner of Revenue, declined to reduce the appellant's excise based on this claim. The appellant sought relief in the Appellate Tax Board (board). The assessors of the city of Boston were added as a party appellee. [Note 2] The board ruled that the exemption from local taxation available to the appellant's predecessors in title was not an abatement as that word is used in G. L. c. 121A, Section 10. In this appeal from the board's decision, we affirm the decision of the board.

We agree with the board that the word "abatement" refers to the consequences of a reduction in the assessed valuation of the real property used in the calculation of the excise. The board rightly relied on language in Belt Realty Corp. v. State Tax Comm'n, 363 Mass. 52 , 56-57 (1973), where the court stated: "We are here concerned solely with the meaning of the word `abatements' as it is used in the part of Section 10 which refers to `the assessed valuation for each assessment date being reduced by all abatements, if any.' It is clear that in this context the word means abatements resulting from reductions in the assessed valuation of real estate. Such a reduction contemplates and involves a determination that the real estate in question was taxed `in excess of its fair cash value' and that the assessed valuation has been reduced pursuant to an application for abatement under G. L. c. 59, Section 59, as amended."

It is true that the factual circumstances in the Belt Realty case were different. There, reduced payments had been accepted

Page 586

In settlement of taxes owed by a corporation in financial difficulty and the unpaid balance had been abated. However, we adhere to the view we expressed there concerning the meaning of the word "abatement" in Section 10. In this case, assessed valuation of the relevant real estate was reduced, and, therefore, no abatement occurred. [Note 3]

The view we take leads to more uniform treatment of urban redevelopment corporations than would result from acceptance of the appellant's position. There is no apparent reason for reducing an excise otherwise payable simply because of the fortuity that all or part of a corporation's real estate previously had been owned by an organization that was not obliged to pay local real estate taxes. We find no indication of a legislative purpose to encourage urban redevelopment corporations to acquire property whose ownership and use, at the relevant times, made it exempt from local taxation.

The decision of the Appellate Tax Board is affirmed.

So ordered.


FOOTNOTES

[Note 1] Board of assessors of the city of Boston.

[Note 2] The excise collected by the Commonwealth (G. L. c. 121A, Section 10, third par.) is "distributed, credited and paid" to the municipality where the project of the corporation is located (G. L. c. 121A, Section 10, fifth par.).

[Note 3] We recognize, as we did in the Belt Realty case, 363 Mass. at 56, that the word "abatement" is sometimes used in a broader, more general sense. We limit our definition to the word "abatement" as used in the applicable portion of G. L. c. 121A, Section 10.