A domestic life insurance company which sold its right to receive future interest income on certain bonds, receiving in 1978 the entire proceeds of the sale, and which treated the proceeds as taxable investment income on its Federal income tax return for that year, was required by G. L. c. 63, Section 22B, to include the entire proceeds in its calculation of "net investment income" for State excise tax purposes in 1978. [237-239]
APPEAL from a decision of the Appellate Tax Board.
The case was submitted on briefs.
David W. Woods & Cherry A. Muse for the taxpayer.
Francis X. Bellotti, Attorney General, & H. Reed Wither-by, Assistant Attorney General, for the Commissioner of Revenue.
LYNCH, J. Patriot General Life Insurance Company (taxpayer) appeals from a decision of the Appellate Tax Board (board) sustaining the refusal of the Commissioner of Revenue (Commissioner) to abate an investment privilege excise assessed under G. L. c. 63, Section 22B, for the taxable year ending December 31, 1978.
From the statement of agreed facts which was adopted by the board the following facts appear. The taxpayer is a domestic life insurance company incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth. On December 20, 1978, it sold its right to receive future interest income on certain bonds for a net payment price of $2,689,251. The amount of the future interest income was $3,488,793.75. The sale transferred all rights of ownership to the buyer, Chase Manhattan Bank. The taxpayer received the entire proceeds of the
sale on December 20, 1978. The payment price was fully included in the taxpayer's Federal tax return for 1978 as investment income, but was deducted from "net investment income" in its State tax return. The taxpayer sought to amortize this income over the remaining four and one-half years during which the interest income would be paid and, therefore, it only reported a portion of the income for the taxable year in question.
Upon the sale, the taxpayer accelerated its receipt of the investment income and, accordingly, had full use of the income on the date of transfer. The income received was reported ratably for accounting purposes in the taxpayer's 1978 financial statement.
On July 9, 1980, the Commissioner assessed an additional tax of $68,463, plus interest in the amount of $7,209.15, on the basis that the entire proceeds were subject to the excise imposed by G. L. c. 63, Section 22B. The taxpayer filed a timely application for abatement, which was denied on August 5, 1980. The petition to the board was filed on September 2, 1980.
The board found that the tax assessed was proper in accordance with G. L. c. 63, Section 22B, and sustained the refusal of the Commissioner to abate the tax. We find no error in the decision of the board.
The only question presented by this appeal is whether the Commissioner was correct in ruling that the proceeds from the sale of the right to receive future interest income which were reported as investment income on the taxpayer's Federal income tax return were taxable in Massachusetts as investment income in the year received, under G. L. c. 63, Section 22B. The taxpayer concedes that the amount received from the sale is "net investment income" and that at some point the entire amount received must be reported. It argues, however, that the amount received was not income "for the taxable year" [Note 1] because, by its terms, this transaction
was not complete until the purchaser earned all of the income from the bonds. This argument is advanced even though the taxpayer received the maximum amount it could receive in the taxable year in question. It also asserts that generally accepted accounting principles and G. L. c. 175, Section 25 (which requires an annual reporting of the financial condition of such life insurance companies), do not permit the recognition of income until it is earned. The difficulty with these arguments is that the taxpayer's Federal income tax return for the year in question included the entire sum as "taxable investment income." Since G. L. c. 63, Section 22B, defines "net investment income" to mean "taxable investment income" for Federal tax purposes, subject to certain adjustments not relevant here, the taxpayer is confronted by an "impassable barrier" reflecting a legislative intent running through many State tax provisions [Note 2] to assure uniformity between State and Federal tax provisions. Dow Chem. Co. v. Commissioner of Revenue, 378 Mass. 254 , 264 (1979). See Johnson v. Department of Revenue, 387 Mass. 59 , 64 (1982); Daley v. State Tax Comm'r, 376 Mass. 861 , 863 (1978).
It follows from the plain language of Section 22B that the entire proceeds from the sale must be included in the calculation of net investment income for State tax purposes. Neither the reporting requirements of G. L. c. 175, Section 25, nor general accounting principles require a different result. [Note 3] Within related sections of the same chapter the Legislature has specifically referred to the annual statement required by G. L. c. 175, Section 25, when it wished to incorporate that statement into the taxing process. G. L. c. 63, Sections 22A, 22C, and 22D.
To incorporate the annual statement into the requirements of Section 22B, in the absence of a legislative mandate in Section 22B, would be illogical in the extreme. We think that the Legislature clearly expressed its intent that "net investment income" be determined with reference to the Federal "investment income," apart from any requirement of the annual statement.
Although it would not be reversible error for the board to be influenced by the underlying reasons and basis for an accounting principle in ascertaining the proper meaning of a statutory term, a generally accepted accounting principle cannot necessarily dictate the result in tax cases. Xtra, Inc. v. Commissioner of Revenue, 380 Mass. 277 , 281 (1980). First Fed. Sav. & Loan Ass'n v. State Tax Comm'n, 372 Mass. 478 , 483 (1977), aff'd, 437 U.S. 255 (1978). Here, no reference to general accounting principles is needed to discern the clear statutory mandate that the requirements of the Federal tax law be followed in determining "net investment income."
The decision of the Appellate Tax Board is affirmed.
[Note 1] General Laws c. 63, Section 22B, inserted by St. 1977, c. 816, Section 28, reads in pertinent part: "(1) Every domestic life insurance company not subject to tax under section twenty-two A and every savings and insurance bank not subject to the gross investment income tax under section eighteen shall annually pay an investment privilege excise equal to fourteen per cent of its net investment income for the taxable year as adjusted and as apportioned to the commonwealth in accordance with this section."
"(2) As used in this section, `net investment income' means taxable investment income as defined in paragraph two of subsection (a) of section 804 of the Federal Internal Revenue Code."
[Note 2] General Laws c. 62, Sections 1 (1), 2 (a); G. L. c. 63, Sections 1, 30 (5) (a).
[Note 3] See National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), Accounting Practices and Procedures c. 19 (1979).