482 Mass. 1026

July 16, 2019

Records And Briefs:


Supreme Judicial Court, Superintendence of inferior courts. Practice, Civil, Action in nature of mandamus.

The petitioner, Brandon Wynn Navom, appeals from a judgment of a single justice of this court denying his petition seeking relief in the nature of mandamus and pursuant to G. L. c. 211, § 3. We affirm.

In October 2017, Navom commenced an action in the Superior Court against the respondent Martin J. Walsh. [Note 2] After Walsh filed a motion to dismiss the complaint, Navom served written discovery requests. In response, Walsh filed a motion to stay discovery, on April 9, 2018. On June 4, 2018, and with no opposition from Navom having been filed, a judge in the Superior Court allowed the motion to stay. Shortly thereafter, and notwithstanding the stay, Navom filed a motion for final judgment pursuant to Mass. R. Civ. P. 33 (a) (4), as appearing in 436 Mass. 1401 (2002), on the basis that Walsh had failed to respond to the discovery requests. The motion was denied on August 31. On September 5, Navom filed an "Emergency Averred Complaint" in the county court seeking "relief in nature of mandamus, an injunction in equity," and relief pursuant to G. L. c. 211, § 3, and asking the court to order the Superior Court clerk to enter judgment in Navom's favor. The single justice denied the petition without a hearing, and Navom appeals.

In response to Navom's appeal, the respondent clerk has indicated his belief that the appeal is subject to S.J.C. Rule 2:21, as amended, 434 Mass. 1301 (2001), because, in his view, Navom is challenging an interlocutory discovery ruling of the trial court -- that is, the denial of Navom's motion for judgment pursuant to Mass. R. Civ. P. 33 (a) (4). As styled by Navom, however, the relief that he sought in his G. L. c. 211, § 3, petition was an order mandating the clerk to enter a final judgment pursuant to Mass. R. Civ. P. 33 (a) (6), as appearing in 454 Mass. 1404 (2009). Regardless of whether rule 2:21 applies, however, it is clear that this is not a situation where extraordinary relief from this court is required.

Relief under G. L. c. 211, § 3, is properly denied "where there are adequate and effective routes . . . by which the petitioning party may seek relief." Greco v. Plymouth Sav. Bank, 423 Mass. 1019, 1019 (1996). Similarly, "[r]elief in the

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nature of mandamus is extraordinary, and is granted in the discretion of the court where no other relief is available." Murray v. Commonwealth, 447 Mass. 1010, 1010 (2006), citing Forte v. Commonwealth, 429 Mass. 1019, 1020 (1999). Here, there is other relief available to Navom. There is no reason why he cannot adequately obtain review of his claims in his direct appeal in the underlying Superior Court action, which is now pending in the Appeals Court. [Note 3]

The single justice did not err or abuse her discretion in denying relief.

Judgment affirmed.

The case was submitted on briefs.

Rinaldo Del Gallo, III, for the petitioner.

Nicole M. O'Connor, Senior Assistant Corporation Counsel, & Nieve Anjomi, Assistant Corporation Counsel, for Martin J. Walsh.


[Note 1] Martin J. Walsh.

[Note 2] Walsh is the mayor of Boston. In the underlying Superior Court action, the petitioner named Walsh in his personal capacity.

[Note 3] While Navom's appeal from the single justice's judgment has been pending in this court, Walsh's motion to dismiss in the underlying action was allowed in the Superior Court. Navom has appealed; his appeal has been entered in the Appeals Court; and, according to the docket in that appeal, Navom filed his brief and record appendix on June 21, 2019.