10 Mass. App. Ct. 851

July 29, 1980

The plaintiffs, patrolmen in the Boston police department, appeal from a judgment of the Superior Court (G. L. c. 249, Section 4) upholding a decision of the Municipal Court of the City of Boston (G. L. c. 31, Section 45) [Note 1] which affirmed a decision of the Civil Service Commission finding a one-month suspension of the plaintiffs by the police commissioner to be justified. (G. L. c. 31, Section 43.) The commissioner had suspended the plaintiffs for failing to complete a financial questionnaire. The plaintiffs claim that the questionnaire is too broad and invades their rights of privacy.

The appendix in this case does not contain the order of the police commissioner, the decision of the commission, or the transcript of any of the hearings. The appendix is thus insufficient to permit review by us of the plaintiffs' contentions. See Kunen v. First Agricultural Natl. Bank, 6 Mass. App. Ct. 684 , 691 (1978). The questionnaire is not invalid on its face. See Opinion of the Justices, 375 Mass. 795 , 807-808 (1978). The plaintiffs can prevail only by showing in the factual context facing the commissioner that the questionnaire did not bear a "sufficiently rational connection to the [officers'] . . . ability and fitness to perform [their] official duties." Broderick v. Police Commr. of Boston, 368 Mass. 33 , 42-43 (1975), cert. denied, 423 U.S. 1048 (1976). Since there is nothing in the appendix which presents such a showing, the judgment of the Superior Court must be affirmed.

We note, in any event, that if, as indicated in the decision of the judge of the Municipal Court, the police commissioner had cause to believe that some members of his department may have been involved in widespread illegal gaming activities, he had a right to interrogate his officers as to relevant matters. Broderick v. Police Commr. of Boston, 368 Mass. at 37-44. See Baker v. Lawrence, 379 Mass. 322 , 330 (1979). A similar and equally broad financial questionnaire was upheld against a challenge on privacy grounds without reference to any such suspicions. O'Brien v. DiGrazia,

Page 852

544 F.2d 543 (1st Cir. 1976), cert. denied sub nom. O'Brien v. Jordan, 431 U.S. 914 (1977). The court there stated, "Even in the absence of any basis for suspicion on the part of the Commissioner, a requirement that police officers reveal their finances to the Commissioner serves the public interest in an honest force." Id. at 546 n.4. See also Hastings & Sons Publishing Co. v. City Treasurer of Lynn, 374 Mass. 812 , 817-820 (1978); Opinion of the Justices, 375 Mass. at 806-809.

Judgment affirmed.


[Note 1] See now G. L. c. 31, Section 44, as appearing in St. 1978, c. 393, Section 11.