This case began as a petition for a writ of mandamus and was subsequently treated as a complaint (Mass.R.Civ.P. 1A, 365 Mass. 731 ) seeking relief in the nature of mandamus. G. L. c. 249, Section 5, as appearing in St. 1973, c. 1114, Section 291. It was heard by a judge of the Superior Court on a "statement of agreed facts." Judgment was entered (Mass.R.Civ.P. 58[a] , 365 Mass. 826 ) dismissing the complaint, and the plaintiffs have appealed. We agree with the judge's rulings, and, as no useful purpose would be served by detailing them, we affirm the judgment for the reasons stated in the "Memorandum and Order" filed by the judge.
The buyer's motions for summary judgment
should not have been allowed because the several affidavits and the seller's answers to the buyer's notices to admit facts, taken with the pleadings, fail to establish the absence of a genuine issue of material fact in either case. Community Natl. Bank v. Dawes, 369 Mass. 550 , 553-554 (1976). The 1954 grant to the utility companies of certain rights in the ways of the subdivision and in the lots abutting those ways unquestionably constitutes an encumbrance on the subject lot (see Schon v. Odd Fellows Bldg. Assn. 255 Mass. 465 , 468 ), whether beneficial to the lot or not (Siegel v. Shaw, 337 Mass. 170 , 172 , and cases cited), and whether actually in use or not (Les v. Alibozek, 269 Mass. 153 , 157 ; Desotell v. Szczygiel, 338 Mass. 153 , 158-159 ). Unlike the sewer easement in Siegel v. Shaw, however, there is nothing in this record which establishes that the utility easement "is almost certainly irremovable" (337 Mass. at 174); the utility companies may well have established their distribution lines without using the lot in question. (We note that the easement in question does not cover the two service lines to the house, which may depend on a license rather than an easement.) The seller was not obliged to be able to convey title free from encumbrances before the time for passing papers arrived (Kares v. Covell, 180 Mass. 206 , 209 ; Smith v. Greene, 197 Mass. 16 , 18 ), and the buyer's earlier repudiation relieved the seller of the obligation actually to discharge encumbrances as a condition of suing for breach of the contract (Schilling v. Levin, 328 Mass. 2 , 5 ). The cases must stand for trial on the question whether the encumbrance was removable and, if so, on the seller's damages.
[Note 1] Anthony C. Belluschi vs. C. Peter R. Gossels.