The case was submitted on briefs.
Kelly Ann Downes, Assistant District Attorney, for the Commonwealth.
Richard H. Gens, for the defendant.
Ramon Vega (defendant) has appealed from the denial by a single justice of this court of his petition for relief under G. L. c. 211, s. 3. The defendant contended that he had been convicted and sentenced on a criminal complaint in violation of the requirement imposed by Commonwealth v. Duquette, 386 Mass. 834 , 846-847 (1982). It is clear that the defendant had other remedies available to him which make relief under G. L. c. 211, s. 3, inappropriate. The defendant's claim does not meet the two-part test set forth in Morrissette v. Commonwealth, 380 Mass. 197 , 198 (1980). "The single justice did not reserve and report the issue; nor did he decide the issue. He merely denied relief pursuant to G. L. c. 211, s. 3. This appeal therefore is not properly before us." Nettis v. Commonwealth, 415 Mass. 1001 , 1001 (1993). See McClain v. Commonwealth, 421 Mass. 1005 (1995).
The case was submitted on the papers filed, accompanied by a memorandum of law.
William P. O'Donnell for the defendant.
Timothy Flaherty, Assistant District Attorney, for the Commonwealth.
The petitioner, who had sought relief from an interlocutory ruling in the Superior Court denying a motion to dismiss, now appeals to the full court under S.J.C. Rule 2:21, 421 Mass. 1303 (1995), from a single justice's denial of relief under G. L. c. 211, s. 3.
The petitioner, in an effort to establish, as rule 2:21 requires, "why
review of the trial court decision cannot adequately be obtained on appeal from any final adverse judgment in the trial court or by other available means," argues that he "is being forced to defend a case whose prosecution is barred much like a double jeopardy case." He sought to dismiss that portion of the pending charges alleging he had been driving while under the influence of alcohol, claiming that under G. L. c. 90, s. 24 (1) (e), the results of his breathalyzer test mandated his immediate release, and any prosecution thereunder halted.
In denying the motion at issue the Superior Court judge noted that Gibson's breath test results (from tests approximately three hours after the alleged offense) fell within the range of "the statutory permissible inference that he was not under the influence of alcohol," but concluded that that inference did not apply because the evidence was not obtained "at the time of the alleged offense," as specified in G. L. c. 90, s. 24 (1) (e). Moreover, the judge concluded there was probable cause to arrest Gibson (based at least on an odor of alcohol on Gibson's breath, the presence of beer cans in his truck, and the condition of the vehicle).
The petitioner's argument that this element of his prosecution is barred; that it could influence a fact finder's view of a second indictment charging reckless driving that caused the death of another person; and that it cannot be cured in the regular course of appeal does not demonstrate that the single justice committed an abuse of discretion or a clear error of law. See Commonwealth v. Nettis, 418 Mass. 715 , 717 (1994).